The alluvial soil of the region has allowed for a wide variety of flora at Bulandshahr. Interestingly, the plants of this region are imbued with cultural meaning and are often of great social and historical importance. Take for example the Babul tree. Also known as the Acacia nilotica, the Babul tree is an important riverine tree in India and is scattered across Bulandshahr. This fast-growing plant is usually found in arid regions and when covered with millions of its golden flowers, it creates a picturesque setting in an otherwise torrid landscape. In addition to its ability to provide shade on a hot day, the Babul tree is an important source of firewood in the region and is important to the natives. Thus, the Babul tree is an important aspect of Bulandshahr’s biodiversity.
Another plant of significance is the Butea monosperma or the Palash tree. The Palash tree is a medium-sized deciduous tree which is found all throughout India. With its red flowers in full bloom, the Palash tree has a striking effect and has been called the “forest fire”. Additionally, this plant species has a long history of cultural significance, and has been reference time and again in Vedic literature for its role in Yajna rituals. However, since the commencement of the colonial rule there has been a systematic reduction of the population of the Palash plant to increase agricultural production. In fact, according to the Statistical, Descriptive and Historical Account of the North Western Provinces of India (January, 1875) – “With the exception of a preserved tract in Chandaus belonging to the Pisáwa zamíndárs, there is now little Dhák (another name for Palash) jungle, and there are few trees of any size or value in any part of the district of Bulandshahr.” Thus, the Palash tree is another important aspect of the biodiversity of Bulandshahr.